Estonian Vocabulary

If you're trying to learn Estonian Vocabulary you will find some useful resources including a course about vocabulary and expressions... to help you with your Estonian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Estonian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Estonian Vocabulary

Learning the Estonian Vocabulary is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Estonian language. But first we need to know what the role of Vocabulary is in the structure of the grammar in Estonian.

Estonian vocabulary is the set of words you should be familiar with. A vocabulary usually grows and evolves with age, and serves as a useful and fundamental tool for communication and acquiring knowledge. Here are some examples:

English VocabularyEstonian Vocabulary
VocabularySõnavara
CountriesRiigid
AustraliaAustraalia
CambodiaKambodža
CanadaKanada
ChinaHiina
EgyptEgiptus
EnglandInglismaa
FrancePrantsusmaa
GermanySaksamaa
GreeceKreeka
IndiaIndia
IndonesiaIndoneesia
ItalyItaalia
JapanJaapan
MexicoMehhiko
MoroccoMaroko
PeruPeruu
SpainHispaania
ThailandTai
USAUSA
LanguagesKeeled
ArabicAraabia
ChineseHiina
EnglishInglise
FrenchPrantsuse
GermanSaksa
GreekKreeka
HebrewHeebrea
HindiHindi
ItalianItaalia
JapaneseJaapani
KoreanKorea
LatinLadina
RussianVene
SpanishHispaania
Urduurdu
DaysPäevad
MondayEsmaspäev
TuesdayTeisipäev
WednesdayKolmapäev
ThursdayNeljapäev
FridayReede
SaturdayLaupäev
SundayPühapäev
timeaeg
hourtund
minuteminut
secondsekund

List of Vocabulary in Estonian

Below is a list of the vocabulary and expressions in Estonian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Estonian vocabulary.

English VocabularyEstonian Vocabulary
Vocabulary
colorsvärvid
blackmust
bluesinine
brownpruun
grayhall
greenroheline
orangeoranž
purplepunakaslilla
redpunane
whitevalge
yellowkollane
sizessuurused
bigsuur
deepsügav
longpikk
narrowkitsas
shortlühike
smallväike
tallpikk
thickpaks
thinõhuke
widelai
tastesmaitsed
bittermõru
freshvärske
saltysoolane
sourhapu
spicyvürtsikas
sweetmagus
qualitiesomadused
badhalb
cleanpuhas
darktume
difficultkeeruline
dirtymäärdunud
drykuiv
easylihtne
emptytühi
expensivekallis
fastkiire
foreignvälismaine
fulltäielik
goodhea
hardkõva
heavyraske
inexpensiveodav
lighthele
localkohalik
newuus
noisylärmakas
oldvana
powerfulvõimas
quietvaikne
correctõige
slowaeglane
softpehme
veryväga
weaknõrk
wetmärg
wrongvale
youngnoor
foodtoit
almondsmandlid
breadleib
breakfasthommikusöök
buttervõi
candymaiustused
cheesejuust
chickenkanaliha
cuminköömen
dessertmagustoit
dinnerõhtusöök
fishkala
fruitpuuvili
ice creamjäätis
lamblambaliha
lemonsidrun
lunchlõunasöök
mealsöök
meatliha
ovenahi
pepperpipar
plantstaimed
porksealiha
saladsalat
saltsool
sandwichvõileib
sausagevorst
soupsupp
sugarsuhkur
supperõhtueine
turkeykalkun
appleõun
bananabanaan
orangesapelsinid
peachesvirsikud
peanutmaapähkel
pearspirnid
pineappleananass
grapesviinamarjad
strawberriesmaasikad
vegetablesköögiviljad
carrotporgand
cornmais
cucumberkurk
garlicküüslauk
lettucelehtsalat
olivesoliivid
onionssibulad
pepperspaprikad
potatoeskartulid
pumpkinkõrvits
beansoad
tomatoestomatid
alligatoralligaator
alligatorsalligaatorid
bearkaru
bearskarud
birdlind
birdslinnud
bullpull
bullspullid
catkass
catskassid
cowlehm
cowslehmad
deerhirv
many deerpalju hirvesid
dogkoer
dogskoerad
donkeyeesel
donkeyseeslid
eaglekotkas
eagleskotkad
elephantelevant
elephantselevandid
giraffekaelkirjak
giraffeskaelkirjakud
goatkits
goatskitsed
horsehobune
horseshobused
lionlõvi
lionslõvid
monkeyahv
monkeysahvid
mousehiir
micehiired
rabbitküülik
rabbitsküülikud
snakemadu
snakesmaod
tigertiiger
tigerstiigrid
wolfhunt
wolveshundid
objectsobjektid
bathroomvannituba
bedvoodi
bedroommagamistuba
ceilinglagi
chairtool
clothesriided
coatmantel
cuptass
deskkirjutuslaud
dresskleit
floorpõrand
forkkahvel
furnituremööbel
glassklaas
hatmüts
housemaja
inktint
jacketjakk
kitchenköök
knifenuga
lamplamp
letterkiri
mapkaart
newspaperajaleht
notebookmärkmik
pantspüksid
paperpaber
penpastapliiats
pencilpliiats
pharmacyapteek
picturepilt
plateplaat
refrigeratorkülmik
restaurantrestoran
roofkatus
roomtuba
rugvaip
scissorskäärid
shampoošampoon
shirtsärk
shoeskingad
soapseep
sockssokid
spoonlusikas
tablelaud
toilettualett
toothbrushhambahari
toothpastehambapasta
towelkäterätik
umbrellavihmavari
underwearaluspesu
wallsein
walletrahakott
windowaken
telephonetelefon
thissee
thatsee / too
theseneed
thosenood
QuestionsKüsimused
how?kuidas?
what?mis/mida?
who?kes?
why?miks?
where?kus?
different objectserinevad objektid
artkunst
bankpank
beachrand
bookraamat
by bicyclejalgrattaga
by busbussiga
by carautoga
by trainrongiga
cafekohvik
countryriik
desertkõrb
dictionarysõnaraamat
earthmaa
flowerslilled
footballjalgpall
forestmets
gamemäng
gardenaed
geographygeograafia
historyajalugu
housemaja
islandsaar
lakejärv
libraryraamatukogu
mathmatemaatika
moonkuu
mountainmägi
moviesfilmid
musicmuusika
oceanookean
officekontor
on footjalgsi
playermängija
riverjõgi
scienceteadus
seameri
skytaevas
soccerjalgpall
starstähed
supermarketostukeskus
swimming poolujumisbassein
theaterteater
treepuu
weatherilm
bad weatherhalb ilm
cloudypilvine
coldkülm
cooljahe
foggyudune
hotkuum
nice weatherhea ilm
pouringkallab
rainvihm
rainingsajab vihma
snowlumi
snowingsajab lund
icejää
sunnypäikesepaisteline
windytuuline
springkevad
summersuvi
autumnsügis
wintertalv
peopleinimesed
aunttädi
babybeebi
brothervend
cousinnõbu
daughtertütar
dentisthambaarst
doctorarst
fatherisa
grandfathervanaisa
grandmothervanaema
husbandabikaasa / mees
motherema
nephewõepoeg/vennapoeg
nieceõetütar/vennatütar
nursemedõde
policemanpolitseinik
postmanpostiljon
professorprofessor
sonpoeg
teacherõpetaja
uncleonu
wifeabikaasa / naine

Vocabulary and expressions have a very important role in Estonian. Once you're done with Estonian Vocabulary, you might want to check the rest of our Estonian lessons here: Learn Estonian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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