Estonian Pronouns

If you're trying to learn Estonian Pronouns you will find some useful resources including a course about Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns... to help you with your Estonian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Estonian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Estonian Pronouns

Learning the Estonian Pronouns is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Estonian language. But first we need to know what the role of Pronouns is in the structure of the grammar in Estonian.

Estonian pronouns include personal pronouns (refer to the persons speaking, the persons spoken to, or the persons or things spoken about), indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns (connect parts of sentences) and reciprocal or reflexive pronouns (in which the object of a verb is being acted on by verb's subject).

Grammar Tips:
There are no genders in Estonian, that is also true about the pronoun: both "he" and "she" translate into “tema” or the short form “ta”.


Here are some examples:

English PronounsEstonian Pronouns
PronounsAsesõnad
Ima
yousa, te
heta
sheta
weme
theynad
memulle
yousulle, teile
himtalle
hertalle
usmeile
themneile
myminu
yoursinu, teie
histema
hertema
ourmeie
theirnende
mineminu
yourssinu, teie
histema
herstema (female)
oursmeie
theirsnende

Notice the structure of the Pronouns in Estonian has a logical pattern. Locate the Pronouns above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Estonian.

Grammar Tips:

In English personal pronouns are (I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they), and (me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them), In Estonian, the personal pronouns are:

Mina/ma (I), sina/sa (you), tema/ta (he, she), 

Meie/me (we), teie/te (you [plural or formal]), nemad/nad (they)

Examples: mina õpin (I learn), sina õpid (you learn), tema õpib (he, she learns), meie õpime (we learn), teie õpite (you learn [plural or formal]), nemad õpivad (they learn).

The short versions (ma, sa, ta etc.) can be used instead of the full versions depending on style, rhythm, and the focus of stress.

 

Indirect Object Pronouns:

To denote the object, partitive case is often used:

Mind (me), sind (you), teda (him, her), meid (us), teid (you [plural or formal]), neid (them):

Examples: Vaata mind (look at me). Ma armastan sind (I love you).

Possessive Pronouns:

Genitive case is typically used:

Minu/mu (my), sinu/su (your), tema/ta (his, her), meie (our), teie (your [plural or formal]), nende (their).


List of Pronouns in Estonian

Below is a list of the Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns in Estonian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Estonian vocabulary.

English PronounsEstonian Pronouns
I speakma räägin
you speaksa räägid, te räägite
he speaksta räägib
she speaksta räägib (female)
we speakme räägime
they speaknad räägivad
give meanna mulle
give youannan sulle, annan teile
give himanna talle
give heranna talle
give usanna meile
give themanna neile
my bookminu raamat
your booksinu raamat, teie raamat
his booktema raamat
her booktema raamat
our bookmeie raamat
their booknende raamat

Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns have a very important role in Estonian. Once you're done with Estonian Pronouns, you might want to check the rest of our Estonian lessons here: Learn Estonian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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