Estonian Numbers

If you're trying to learn Estonian Numbers you will find some useful resources including a course about Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers... to help you with your Estonian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Estonian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Estonian Numbers

Learning the Estonian Numbers is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Estonian language. But first we need to know what the role of Numbers is in the structure of the grammar in Estonian.

Estonian cardinal number convey the "how many" they're also known as "counting numbers," because they show quantity.

Grammar Tips:

In Estonian numbers from 1 to 10 are unique and therefore need to be memorized individually. Numbers 11-19 are formed by using the following pattern: for example 11 can be formed by using 1 + teist while connecting them. 11 = üksteist, 22 = kaksteist etc.

Numbers 20, 30, 40, etc are formed by using the following pattern: for example 20 can be formed by using 2 + kümmend while connecting them. 20 = kakskümmend, 30 = kolmkümmend etc.

Numbers 21, 22, 23, etc. are formed by using the following pattern: for example 21 can be formed by using 20 + 1. 21 = kakskümmend üks, 22 = kakskümmend kaks etc.

Note that when a number precedes a noun, the latter is in singular partitive case (and not plural nominative). For example:

Mul on seitse valget kassi (I have seven white cats).


Here are some examples:

English NumbersEstonian Numbers
numbersnumbrid
oneüks
twokaks
threekolm
fourneli
fiveviis
sixkuus
sevenseitse
eightkaheksa
nineüheksa
tenkümme
elevenüksteist
twelvekaksteist
thirteenkolmteist
fourteenneliteist
fifteenviisteist
sixteenkuusteist
seventeenseitseteist
eighteenkaheksateist
nineteenüheksateist
twentykakskümmend
hundredsada
one thousandüks tuhat
millionmiljon

Notice the structure of the Numbers in Estonian has a logical pattern. Locate the Numbers above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Estonian.

Grammar Tips:
The Estonian numbers from 1 to 10 are unique and therefore need to be memorized individually. Numbers from 11 to 19 take a pattern: they are formed by using the numbers 1-9 +teist: 11 = üksteist, 15 = viisteist. The numbers 20, 30, 40, etc. need to be memorized. 21 and upwards take a pattern, for example 21 can be formed by using 20 + 1 while connecting them. 21 = kakskümmend üks.


List of Ordinal Numbers in Estonian

Estonian Ordinal numbers tell the order of things in a set: first, second, third, etc. Ordinal numbers do not show quantity. They only show rank or position. Below is a list of the Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers in Estonian. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Estonian vocabulary.

English NumbersEstonian Numbers
Ordinal NumbersJärgarvud
firstesimene
secondteine
thirdkolmas
fourthneljas
fifthviies
sixthkuues
seventhseitsmes
eighthkaheksas
ninthüheksas
tenthkümnes
eleventhüheteistkümnes
twelfthkaheteistkümnes
thirteenthkolmeteistkümnes
fourteenthneljateistkümnes
fifteenthviieteistkümnes
sixteenthkuueteistkümnes
seventeenthseitsmeteistkümnes
eighteenthkaheksateistkümnes
nineteenthüheksateistkümnes
twentiethkahekümnes
onceüks kord
twicekaks korda

Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers have a very important role in Estonian. Once you're done with Estonian Numbers, you might want to check the rest of our Estonian lessons here: Learn Estonian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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