### Estonian Numbers

If you're trying to learn **Estonian Numbers** you will find some useful resources including a course about **Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers**... to help you with your **Estonian grammar**. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Estonian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

### Estonian Numbers

Learning the **Estonian Numbers** is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Estonian language. But first we need to know what the role of Numbers is in the structure of the grammar in Estonian.

Estonian cardinal number convey the "how many" they're also known as "counting numbers," because they show quantity.

**Grammar Tips:**

In **Estonian** numbers from 1 to 10 are
unique and therefore need to be memorized individually. Numbers 11-19 are
formed by using the following pattern: for example 11 can be formed by using 1
+ **teist** while connecting them. 11
= üksteist, 22 = kaksteist etc.

Numbers 20, 30, 40, etc are formed by using
the following pattern: for example 20 can be formed by using 2 + **kümmend** while connecting them. 20
= kakskümmend, 30 = kolmkümmend etc.

Numbers 21, 22, 23, etc. are formed by using the following pattern: for example 21 can be formed by using 20 + 1. 21 = kakskümmend üks, 22 = kakskümmend kaks etc.

Note that when a number precedes a noun, the
latter is in **singular partitive **case (and not **plural nominative**). For example:

Mul on seitse valget kassi (I have seven white cats).

Here are some examples:

English Numbers | Estonian Numbers |
---|---|

numbers | numbrid |

one | üks |

two | kaks |

three | kolm |

four | neli |

five | viis |

six | kuus |

seven | seitse |

eight | kaheksa |

nine | üheksa |

ten | kümme |

eleven | üksteist |

twelve | kaksteist |

thirteen | kolmteist |

fourteen | neliteist |

fifteen | viisteist |

sixteen | kuusteist |

seventeen | seitseteist |

eighteen | kaheksateist |

nineteen | üheksateist |

twenty | kakskümmend |

hundred | sada |

one thousand | üks tuhat |

million | miljon |

Notice the structure of the Numbers in Estonian has a logical pattern. Locate the Numbers above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Estonian.

**Grammar Tips:**

The Estonian numbers from 1 to 10 are unique and therefore need to be memorized individually. Numbers from 11 to 19 take a pattern: they are formed by using the numbers 1-9 +**teist**: 11 = üksteist, 15 = viisteist. The numbers 20, 30, 40, etc. need to be memorized. 21 and upwards take a pattern, for example 21 can be formed by using 20 + 1 while connecting them. 21 = **kakskümmend üks**.

### List of Ordinal Numbers in Estonian

Estonian Ordinal numbers tell the order of things in a set: first, second, third, etc. Ordinal numbers do not show quantity. They only show rank or position. Below is a list of the Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers in Estonian. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Estonian vocabulary.

English Numbers | Estonian Numbers |
---|---|

Ordinal Numbers | Järgarvud |

first | esimene |

second | teine |

third | kolmas |

fourth | neljas |

fifth | viies |

sixth | kuues |

seventh | seitsmes |

eighth | kaheksas |

ninth | üheksas |

tenth | kümnes |

eleventh | üheteistkümnes |

twelfth | kaheteistkümnes |

thirteenth | kolmeteistkümnes |

fourteenth | neljateistkümnes |

fifteenth | viieteistkümnes |

sixteenth | kuueteistkümnes |

seventeenth | seitsmeteistkümnes |

eighteenth | kaheksateistkümnes |

nineteenth | üheksateistkümnes |

twentieth | kahekümnes |

once | üks kord |

twice | kaks korda |

Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers have a very important role in Estonian. Once you're done with Estonian Numbers, you might want to check the rest of our Estonian lessons here: Learn Estonian. Don't forget to **bookmark** this page.