Estonian Alphabet

Estonian Alphabet

If you're trying to learn the Estonian Alphabet you will find some useful resources including a course about pronunciation, and sound of all letters... to help you with your Estonian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and memorize the sounds. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Estonian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Estonian Alphabet

Learning the Estonian alphabet is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. Without it, you will not be able to say words properly even if you know how to write those words. The better you pronounce a letter in a word, the more understood you will be in speaking the Estonian language.

Below is a table showing the Estonian alphabet and how it is pronounced in English, and finally examples of how those letters would sound if you place them in a word.

Estonian AlphabetEnglish SoundPronunciation Example
Ä äashort a as in act
Ö öesounds like "oo"
Õ õoa cross between ö and the long o
Ü üoua cross between u and i
Š šshsounds like sh in shoe
Ž žjj as in jealous
A aaah as in father
E eeshort e as in bed
I ieebetween i and e as in mean
O oolong o as in boat
U uuu in put and the oo in boot.
B bplike a soft p like lip, but a little softer
C cconly occurs in foreign names
D dtlike a weak t like mat
F fflike the f in fat
G gklike a weak k like back, but softer
H hhusually sounded, but sometimes silent
J jylike a y yet
K kksame as king
L llsame as like
M mmsame as million
N nnsame as night
P ppsame as please
Q qqonly occurs in foreign names only occurs in foreign names
R rrsame as ring
S ss same as sing
T ttsame as train
V vvsame as have
W wwonly in foreign names
X xxonly in foreign names
Y yyonly in foreign names
Z zzsame as zebra

Estonian Pronunciation

You saw how a letter is written and might be pronounced, but there is nothing better than hearing the sound of the letters in a video or audio. Below you will be able to hear how the letters above are pronounced, just press the play button:

Estonian Pronunciation

The alphabet and its pronunciation have a very important role in Estonian, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with Estonian alphabet, you might want to check the rest of our Estonian lessons here: Learn Estonian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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