Esperanto Plural

If you're trying to learn Esperanto Plural you will find some useful resources including a course about Plural and Singular... to help you with your Esperanto grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Esperanto. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Esperanto Plural

Learning the Esperanto Plural displayed below is vital to the language. Esperanto Plurals are grammatical numbers, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers.

Grammar Tips:

While in English, the plural is often formed by adding (s) to the singular. In Esperanto, to form the plural of nouns and adjectives we add (-j) Here are some examples:

 

Amiko (a friend) becomes: amikoj (friends)

Virino (a woman) becomes: Virinoj (women)

Ĉi tio estas mia ruĝa aŭto (this is my red car) becomes: Ĉi tioj estas miaj ruĝaj aŭtoj (these are my red cars)

 

Transitive verbs have objects in the predicate, however. Plural objects will take the form –jn. The –n is often referred to as the accusative suffix.

 

Mi vidas miajn ruĝajn aŭtojn means “I see my red cars.”


Here are some examples:

English PluralEsperanto Plural
PluralPlurala
my bookmia libro
my booksmiaj libroj
our daughternia filino
our daughtersniaj filinoj
I'm coldmi estas malvarma
we're coldni estas malvarma
his chickensliaj kokoj
their chickenilia koko

Notice the structure of the Plural in Esperanto.

List of Plurals in Esperanto

Below is a list of the Plurals and Singulars in Esperanto placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Esperanto vocabulary.

English PluralEsperanto Plural
alligatoraligatoro
alligatorsaligatoroj
bearurso
bearsursoj
birdbirdo
birdsbirdoj
bullvirbovo
bullsvirbovoj
catkato
catskatoj
cowbovino
cowsbovinoj
deercervoj
many deermultaj cervoj
doghundo
dogshundoj
donkeyazeno
donkeysazenoj
eagleaglo
eaglesagloj
elephantelefanto
elephantselefantoj
giraffeĝirafo
giraffesĝirafoj
goatkapro
goatskaproj
horseĉevalo
horsesĉevaloj
lionleono
lionsleonoj
monkeysimio
monkeyssimioj
mousemuso
micemusoj
rabbitkuniklo
rabbitskunikloj
snakeserpento
snakesserpentoj
tigertigro
tigerstigroj
wolflupo
wolveslupoj

Plural and Singular have a very important role in Esperanto. Once you're done with Esperanto Plural, you might want to check the rest of our Esperanto lessons here: Learn Esperanto. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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