Esperanto Numbers

If you're trying to learn Esperanto Numbers you will find some useful resources including a course about Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers... to help you with your Esperanto grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Esperanto. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Esperanto Numbers

Learning the Esperanto Numbers displayed below is vital to the language. Esperanto cardinal number convey the "how many" they're also known as "counting numbers," because they show quantity.

Grammar Tips:

In Esperanto, numbers from zero to ten are unique and therefore need to be memorized individually: nul, unu, du, tri, kvar, kvin, ses, sep, ok, naŭ, dek. Numbers from eleven and onwards are formed by using the following pattern: for example, eleven can be formed by using ten plus one: 11= dek unu. Twenty is written as one word: dudek (“two ten”). 22 = dudek du. 45 = kvardek kvin. 100 = cent. 136 = cent tridek ses. 200 = ducent. 1 000 (not “1,000”) = mil. 1 523 = mil kvincent dudek tri. Notice that hyphens and commas are not used as they are in English and some other languages.


Here are some examples:

English NumbersEsperanto Numbers
numbersnombroj
oneunu
twodu
threetri
fourkvar
fivekvin
sixses
sevensep
eightok
ninenaŭ
tendek
elevendek unu
twelvedek du
thirteendek tri
fourteendek kvar
fifteendek kvin
sixteendek ses
seventeendek sep
eighteendek ok
nineteendek naŭ
twentydudek
hundredcent
one thousandmil
millionmiliono

Notice the structure of the Numbers in Esperanto.

List of Ordinal Numbers in Esperanto

Esperanto Ordinal numbers tell the order of things in a set: first, second, third, etc. Ordinal numbers do not show quantity. They only show rank or position. Below is a list of the Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers in Esperanto. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Esperanto vocabulary.

English NumbersEsperanto Numbers
Ordinal Numbers
firstunua
seconddua
thirdtria
fourthkvara
fifthkvina
sixthsesa
seventhsepa
eighthoka
ninthnaŭa
tenthdeka
eleventhdekunua
twelfthdekdua
thirteenthdektria
fourteenthdekkvara
fifteenthdekkvina
sixteenthdeksesa
seventeenthdeksepa
eighteenthdekoka
nineteenthdeknaŭa
twentiethdudeka
oncefoje, unufoje
twicedufoje

Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers have a very important role in Esperanto. Once you're done with Esperanto Numbers, you might want to check the rest of our Esperanto lessons here: Learn Esperanto. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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