Esperanto Feminine

If you're trying to learn Esperanto Feminine you will find some useful resources including a course about genders: Feminine and Masculine... to help you with your Esperanto grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Esperanto. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Esperanto Feminine

Learning the Esperanto Feminine displayed below is vital to the language. Esperanto feminine refers to female qualities attributed specifically to women and girls or things considered feminine. The complement to feminine is masculine.

Grammar Tips:

To form a feminine sex word from the masculine in Esperanto, you simply add the infix (-in-) to the default substantive ending. Here are two examples:

 

Filo (son) becomes filino (daughter), Lernanto (male, or student of undetermined sex) becomes lernantino (female student).

 

To make some words unambiguously male, one may use the prefix (vir-).

Thus, “besto” is beast; “virbesto” is a male beast.


Here are some examples:

English FeminineEsperanto Feminine
FeminineIna
he is happyli estas feliĉa
she is happyŝi estas feliĉa
he is Americanli estas Usona
she is Americanŝi estas Usona
manviro
womanvirino
fatherpatro
motherpatrino
brotherfrato
sisterfratino
uncleonklo
auntonklino
bullvirbovo
cowbovino
boyknabo
girlknabino

Notice the structure of the Feminine in Esperanto.

List of Feminine in Esperanto

Below is a list of objects, can you determine whether they're feminine, masculine or plural in Esperanto? Memorizing this table will also help you add very useful and important words to your Esperanto vocabulary.

English VocabularyEsperanto Vocabulary
objectsobjektoj
bathroombanejo, banĉambro
bedlito
bedroomdormoĉambro
ceilingplafono
chairseĝo
clothesvestoj
coatmantelo
cuptaso
deskskribtablo
dressrobo
floorplanko
forkforko
furnituremeblo(j)
glassglaso
hatĉapelo
housedomo
inkinko
jacketjako
kitchenkuirejo
knifetranĉilo
lamplampo
letterletero
mapmapo
newspaperĵurnalo, gazeto
notebooknotlibro, kajero
pantspantalono
paperpapero
penplumo
pencilkrajono
pharmacyapoteko, farmacio
picturebildo
platetelero
refrigeratorfridujo
restaurantrestoracio
rooftegmento
roomĉambro
rugtapiŝeto
scissorstondilo
shampooŝampuo
shirtĉemizo
shoesŝuoj
soapsapo
socksŝtrumpoj
spoonkulero
tabletablo
toilettualeto, necesejo
toothbrushdentobroso
toothpastedentopasto
towelmantuko, tualettuko
umbrellaombrelo, pluvombrelo
underwearkalsono
wallmuro
walletmonujo, monbiletujo
windowfenestro
telephonetelefono

Feminine and Masculine have a very important role in Esperanto. Once you're done with Esperanto Feminine, you might want to check the rest of our Esperanto lessons here: Learn Esperanto. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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