Esperanto Articles

If you're trying to learn Esperanto Articles you will find some useful resources including a course about Definite and Indefinite Articles... to help you with your Esperanto grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Esperanto. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Esperanto Articles

Learning the Esperanto Articles displayed below is vital to the language. Esperanto articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. Examples are "the, a, and an".

Grammar Tips:

Definite Article:

As in English, which has only one definite article: “the,” Esperanto has one definite article: “la.”

La libro (the book)

La domo (the house)

La domoj (the houses)

 

Indefinite Article:

While we have (a / an/ some) in English as indefinite articles, we do not have indefinite articles in Esperanto. We infer the presence of the indefinite, but do not express it. It is deduced from context.

Whenever an indefinite article is used in English, you use the noun alone to make the equivalent meaning in Esperanto.

Mi vidas libron. (I see a book)

Ili konstruis domojn (They built houses or They built some houses)

Li verkis librojn (He wrote some books)


Here are some examples:

English ArticlesEsperanto Articles
articlesartikoloj
thela
a
oneunu
someiuj
fewmalmultaj
the bookla libro
the booksla libroj
a booklibro
one bookunu libro
some booksiuj libroj
few booksmalmultaj libroj

Notice the structure of the Articles in Esperanto.

List of Articles in Esperanto

Below is a list of vocabulary where you can use the Definite and Indefinite Articles in Esperanto. Try to practice but also memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Esperanto vocabulary.

English VocabularyEsperanto Vocabulary
Foodmanĝaĵo
almondsamandoj, migdaloj
breadpano
breakfastmatenmanĝo
butterbutero
candysukeraĵo, dolĉaĵo
cheesefromaĝo
chickenkokaĵo
cuminkumino
dessertpostmanĝo, deserto
dinnerĉefmanĝo, tagmanĝo
fishfiŝaĵo
fruitfrukto
ice creamglaciaĵo
lambŝafidaĵo
lemoncitrono, limono
lunchlunĉo, meztagmanĝo
mealmanĝo
meatviando
ovenbakforno
pepperpipro
plantsplantoj
porkporkaĵo
saladsalato
saltsalo
sandwichsandviĉo
sausagekolbaso
soupsupo
sugarsukero
suppervespermanĝo
turkeymeleagraĵo
applepomo
bananabanano
orangesoranĝoj
peachespersikoj
peanutarakido
pearspiroj
pineappleananaso
grapesvinberoj
strawberriesfragoj
vegetableslegomoj
carrotkaroto
cornmaizo
cucumberkukumo
garlicajlo
lettucelaktuko
olivesolivoj
onionscepoj
pepperspiproj
potatoesterpomoj
pumpkinkukurbo
beansfaboj
tomatoestomatoj

Definite and Indefinite Articles have a very important role in Esperanto. Once you're done with Esperanto Articles, you might want to check the rest of our Esperanto lessons here: Learn Esperanto. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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