Esperanto Adverbs

If you're trying to learn Esperanto Adverbs you will find some useful resources including a course about Adverbs of time place manner and frequency... to help you with your Esperanto grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Esperanto. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Esperanto Adverbs

Learning the Esperanto Adverbs displayed below is vital to the language. Esperanto adverbs are part of speech. Generally they're words that modify any part of language other than a noun. Adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives (including numbers), clauses, sentences and other adverbs.

Grammar Tips:

While in English adverbs are usually formed by adding (-ly) to adjectives, in Esperanto all adverbs are formed from the stem or root, simply by adding the suffix -e to the root. Examples:

 

Malrapida (slow) becomes malrapide (slowly)

[In this case, “rapid-“ (fast) is the stem or root. The prefix “mal-“ is added to indicate the opposite meaning of “fast.” The suffix “-a” indicates the presence of the adjective.]

Perfekta (perfect) becomes perfekte (perfectly)

Bela (beautiful) becomes bele (beautifully)

However, that’s not always the case. Some words are adverbs by nature. For example:

Nun (now) and baldaŭ (soon) are Esperanto adverbs.

Esperanto is an adverb-rich language. This may be because adverbs are so easy to make by simply adding –e. In English, there are many ways of modifying verbs, such as by adding “-wise.” Some adverbs in English are difficult to pronounce, such as “friendlily” (in a friendly way) and are therefore seldom used in speech. In Esperanto, one would simply add –e to amik- to get amike.

In Esperanto, as in English, some nouns may be used adverbially, for example “hieraŭ” (yesterday) or “morgaŭ” (tomorrow).

In Esperanto, as in English, adverbs may modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.


Here are some examples:

English AdverbsEsperanto Adverbs
adverbsadverboj
I read a book sometimesMi legis libron foje
I will never smokeMi neniam fumos
are you alone?vi estas sola?

Notice the structure of the Adverbs in Esperanto.

List of Adverbs in Esperanto

Below is a list of the Adverbs of time place manner and frequency in Esperanto placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Esperanto vocabulary.

English AdverbsEsperanto Adverbs
adverbs of timeadverboj de tempo
yesterdayhieraŭ
todayhodiaŭ
tomorrowmorgaŭ
nownun
thentiam
laterpli malfrue
tonightĉinokte
right nowtuj
last nighthieraŭ nokte
this morninghodiaŭ matene
next weekvenontsemajne
alreadyjam
recentlylastatempe
latelylastatempe
soonbaldaŭ
immediatelytuj
stillankoraŭ
yetankoraŭ
agoantaŭ
adverbs of placeadverboj de loko
hereĉi tie, tie ĉi
theretie
over theretien
everywhereĉie
anywhereie ajn
nowherenenie
homehejmen
awayfor
outeksteren
adverbs of manneradverboj de maniero
verytre
quitetre
prettysufiĉe
reallyvere
fastrapide
wellbone
hardmalfacile
quicklyrapide
slowlymalrapide
carefullyzorgeme
hardlyapenaŭ
barelyapenaŭ
mostlyplejparte
almostpreskaŭ
absolutelyabsolute
togetherkune
alonesole
adverbs of frequencyadverboj de ofteco
alwaysĉiam
frequentlyofte
usuallykutime
sometimesfoje, kelkfoje, fojfoje
occasionallyfoje, kelkfoje, fojfoje
seldommalofte
rarelymalofte
neverneniam

Adverbs of time place manner and frequency have a very important role in Esperanto. Once you're done with Esperanto Adverbs, you might want to check the rest of our Esperanto lessons here: Learn Esperanto. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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