Esperanto Adjectives

Esperanto Adjectives

If you're trying to learn Esperanto Adjectives you will find some useful resources including a course about Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes... to help you with your Esperanto grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Esperanto. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

Share

Esperanto Adjectives

Learning the Esperanto Adjectives is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you practice the subject, the closer you get to mastering the Esperanto language. But first we need to know what the role of Adjectives is in the structure of the grammar in Esperanto.

Esperanto Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence.

Grammar Tips:

While in English an adjective doesn’t change when the noun changes, in Esperanto an adjective should agree in number with the noun. For example:

 

Ĉi tio estas mia blanka kato (this is my white cat) becomes: Ĉi tioj estas miaj blankaj katoj (these are my white cats).

As you can see from the example above, the adjective (which may come immediately before or immediately after the noun) takes the plural form.


Here are some examples:

English AdjectivesEsperanto Adjectives
adjectivesadjektivoj
a green tree verda arbo
a tall building alta konstruaĵo
a very old mantre maljuna viro
the old red housela malnova ruĝa domo
a very nice friendtre bela amiko

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Adjectives in Esperanto has a logical pattern. Locate the Adjectives above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Esperanto.

List of Adjectives in Esperanto

Below is a list of the Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes in Esperanto placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Esperanto vocabulary.

English AdjectivesEsperanto Adjectives
colorskoloroj
blacknigra
blueblua
brownbruna
graygriza
greenverda
orangeoranĝa
purplepurpura
redruĝa
whiteblanka
yellowflava
sizesgrandecoj
biggranda
deepprofunda
longlonga
narrowmallarĝa
shortmallonga (not long), malalta (not tall)
smallmalgranda
tallalta
thickdika
thinmaldika
widelarĝa
shapesformoj
circularronda
straightrekta
squarekvadrata
triangulartriangula
tastesgustoj
bitteramara
freshfreŝa
saltysaleca
souracida, amara
spicyspica
sweetdolĉa
qualitieskvalitoj
badmalbona
cleanpura
darkmalluma
difficultmalfacila
dirtymalpura
dryseka
easyfacila
emptymalplena
expensivekara, multekosta
fastrapida
foreignfremda
fullplena
goodbona
hardmalmola (not soft), malfacila (not easy)
heavypeza
inexpensivemalkara, malmultekosta
lightluma
localloka
newnova
noisymalkvieta, laŭta, brua
oldmalnova (not new), maljuna (not old)
powerfulpotenca
quietkvieta, mallaŭta
correctĝusta
slowmalrapida
softmola
verytre
weakmalforta
wetmalseka
wrongmalĝusta
youngjuna
quantitieskvantoj
fewmalmultaj
littlemalgranda (not big), malmulta (not many)
manymultaj
muchmulta
partparta
someiuj
a fewkelkaj
wholetuta

Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes have a very important role in Esperanto, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with Esperanto Adjectives, you might want to check the rest of our Esperanto lessons here: Learn Esperanto. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


Share