English Nouns

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English Nouns

Learning the English Nouns displayed below is vital to the language. English nouns are words used to name a person, animal, place, thing, or abstract ideas. Nouns are usually the most important part of vocabulary.

A noun is a word talking about a person, a thing or an abstract idea. A noun can also answer the question of "who or what".

Who lives in the house? - David, (David = Noun), also house is a Noun.

What do you have in your hand? - A book (Book = Noun), also hand is a Noun.

These also are nouns, example: cat, dog, milk, brother, county, pen.


There are different types of nouns:

Abstract nouns: freedom, friendship, idea ... (you can't see them so they're called abstract).

Common nouns: man, woman, mouse, school, paper... (Talking about people, places, and things)

Gerunds: you can change a verb to become a noun when you add “ing” to the end of the verb, “speak” is a verb, speak + ing = speaking (noun). I like to write (verb), I like writing (noun).

Examples: go => going, live => living, drive => driving, (for more information click here English Gerund)

Nouns are 2 types, countable, and uncountable, Countable is used for things that you can count (one banana, a spoon, an orange), you can say one banana, two bananas, three bananas, so that means that banana is a countable noun.

Uncountable is when you cannot count the noun, milk for example is uncountable, because it is a liquid. You cannot say “one milk”, “two milks” ... so that means milk is uncountable, that means you can only say: milk, some milk, a lot of milk ...etc. If you want to use countable expressions to uncountable words then put a countable noun before it, for example you can say: I want 2 cups of milk (cups are countable, you can use it before milk), you cannot say "two milks".


Plural Nouns

A singular noun means a noun referring to one person, one thing or one place …, if you want to refer to more than one person, thing or place, you need to use the plural.

If you have (one pen + one pen), then you cannot say “I have 2 pen”, you have to use the plural, and say “I have 2 pens”, you see that we added “s” to the end of “pen”.

Other examples: House => houses, one computer => two computers, a friend => some friends, my sister => my sisters.

English is very easy when you want to use the plural, most of the time you just need to add “s” at the end.

But you need to know that if the end of a word in singular is  (-ch, -x, -s, -sh, z) you will have to add “es” not only “s”, for example: one church = two churches, fox => foxes, kiss => kisses …

There are some other rules you need to know, but in general cases you only need to add one “s” at the end of the nouns. Remember you only can make the plural of nouns, unlike other languages such as Spanish, French or Arabic, English adjectives or adverbs don’t have the plural form. (only nouns), for example you cannot say: I have two reds cars. The correct way is: I have two red cars. (red doesn’t add “s” at the end).



Here are some examples:

English Nouns
my car
green car
three cars
car garage
outside the car

Notice the structure of the Nouns in English has a logical pattern. Locate the Nouns above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in English.

Note: Because English has lost its case system, nouns do not have grammatical gender and there is a distinction between the singular and plural forms of nouns. The most common plural marker is the suffix -e, but several common nouns form their plural instead by adding a final -s.

Word order in English: There is a rule which indicates the order in which the parts of a sentence should appear. So if you want to construct a sentence follow the below order:
Subject | First verb | Time Object | Manner | Place | Second verb | Infinitive.
Example: Ek weet dat ons dit sal leer. (I know that we will learn it.)

List of Nouns in English

Below is a list of the Nouns and Words in English placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your English vocabulary.

English Nouns

Nouns and Words have a very important role in English. Once you're done with English Nouns, you might want to check the rest of our English lessons here: Learn English. Don't forget to bookmark this page.