Dutch Numbers

Dutch Numbers

If you're trying to learn Dutch Numbers which is also called Nederlands, check our courses about Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers... to help you with your Dutch grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Dutch. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Dutch Numbers

Learning the Dutch Numbers is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Dutch language. But first we need to know what the role of Numbers is in the structure of the grammar in Dutch.

Dutch cardinal number convey the "how many" they're also known as "counting numbers," because they show quantity.

Grammar Tips:

In Dutch numbers from 1 to 20 are unique and therefore need to be memorized individually.

 

Numbers from 21 and upwards are formed by using the following pattern: for example 21 can be formed by using 1 + 20 while connecting them. In English we use for example “twenty-one”, in Dutch we reverse this by putting the units first, and by adding a “en” (and) between units and tens.

21 = eenentwintig,

22 = tweeëntwintig,  [notice the “ ¨ ” on the third “e“ – it’s put there for correct pronunciation)

23 = drieëntwintig,

24 = vierentwintig,

25 = vijfentwintig

 

Following this same pattern one can easily form all numbers upto one hundred.

 

30 = dertig

31 = eenendertig

32 = tweeëndertig

 

40 = veertig

50 = vijftig

60 = zestig

70 = zeventig

80 = tachtig   [81 = eenentachtig]

90 = negentig

 

100 = honderd



Here are some examples:

English NumbersDutch Numbers
numberstelwoorden
oneeen
twotwee
threedrie
fourvier
fivevijf
sixzes
sevenzeven
eightacht
ninenegen
tentien
elevenelf
twelvetwaalf
thirteendertien
fourteenveertien
fifteenvijftien
sixteenzestien
seventeenzeventien
eighteenachttien
nineteennegentien
twentytwintig
hundredhonderd
one thousandduizend
millionmiljoen

In Dutch one is spelled één to distinguish it from een the indefinite article in Dutch. Up to the numeral fourteen counting in Dutch is straight forward, for example eighteen is achttien (acht + tien) Numerals above the twenty like twenty-eight en is added between the separate numerals - achtentwintig . 11, 12, 13 and 14 ara not eentien but elf, tweetien but twaalf, drietien but dertien, viertien but veertien. The tens are counted bij putting –tig behind the numeral in question. Here again up to fifty th numerals change, so nat tweeting but twintig, not drietig but derti and not viertiig but veertig.

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Numbers in Dutch has a logical pattern. Locate the Numbers above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Nederlands.

List of Ordinal Numbers in Dutch

Dutch Ordinal numbers tell the order of things in a set: first, second, third, etc. Ordinal numbers do not show quantity. They only show rank or position. Below is a list of the Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers in Dutch. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Dutch vocabulary.

English NumbersDutch Numbers
Ordinal Numbersrangtelwoorden
firsteerste
secondtweede
thirdderde
fourthvierde
fifthvijfde
sixthzesde
seventhzevende
eighthachtste
ninthnegende
tenthtiende
eleventhelfde
twelfthtwaalfde
thirteenthdertiende
fourteenthveertiende
fifteenthvijftiende
sixteenthzestiende
seventeenthzeventiende
eighteenthachttiende
nineteenthnegentiende
twentiethtwintigste
onceeenmaal
twicetweemaal

Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers have a very important role in Dutch, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with the Nederlands Numbers, you might want to check the rest of our Dutch lessons here: Learn Dutch. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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