Czech Plural

If you're trying to learn Czech Plural you will find some useful resources including a course about Plural and Singular... to help you with your Czech grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Czech. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Czech Plural

Learning the Czech Plural displayed below is vital to the language. Czech Plurals are grammatical numbers, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers.

Grammar Tips:

In English, the plural is formed simply by adding (s) to the singular. In Czech, to form the plural of nouns and adjectives we change the affix or add one of a wide range of affixes, sometimes with a change to the word stem, according to the word gender (4-6 types of each gender) and one of the seven cases.

Přítel (a friend) becomes: přátelé (some friends) – affix added and stem vowel changed

Žena (one woman) becomes: ženy (some women)

To je moje červené auto (this is my red car) becomes: To jsou moje červená auta (these are my red cars)


Here are some examples:

English PluralCzech Plural
PluralMnožné číslo
my bookmoje kniha
my booksmoje knihy
our daughternaše dcera
our daughtersnaše dcery
I'm coldJe mi zima
we're coldje nám zima
his chickensjeho kuřata
their chickenjejich kuřata

Notice the structure of the Plural in Czech.

List of Plurals in Czech

Below is a list of the Plurals and Singulars in Czech placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Czech vocabulary.

English PluralCzech Plural
alligatoraligátor
alligatorsaligátoři
bearmedvěd
bearsmedvědi
birdpták
birdsptáci
bullbýk
bullsbýci
catkočka
catskočky
cowkráva
cowskrávy
deerjelen
many deerjeleni
dogpes
dogspsi
donkeyosel
donkeysosli
eagleorel
eaglesorli
elephantslon
elephantssloni
giraffežirafa
giraffesžirafy
goatkoza
goatskozy
horsekůň
horseskoně
lionlev
lionslvi
monkeyopice
monkeysopice
mousemyš
micemyši
rabbitkrálík
rabbitskrálíci
snakehad
snakeshadi
tigertygr
tigerstygři
wolfvlk
wolvesvlci

Don't forget:

Like in Latin or German, all nouns, adjectives and pronouns in a Czech sentence take a case affix, depending on their grammatical role. There are seven cases in Czech.

 

1st case is reserved for a sentence subject – Má matka je doma (My mother is at home)

2nd case is used for a possessive or comes with certain prepositions, such as bez (without) - Dům mé matky (My mother’s house). Rodina bez matky (A family without mother)

3rd case is used for direct object – Dej matce peníze (Give my mother money).

4th case is used for indirect object – Znám tvou matku (I know your mother)

5th case is vocative – Dobré ráno, matko (Good morning, mother)

6th case comes with certain prepositions, such as o (about) – Mluvím o tvé matce (I speak about your mother)

7th case is used as instrumental and comes with certain prepositions, such as s (with) – Cestuji autem (I travel by car), Cestuji s tvou matkou (I travel with your mother)


Plural and Singular have a very important role in Czech. Once you're done with Czech Plural, you might want to check the rest of our Czech lessons here: Learn Czech. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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