Czech Adjectives

If you're trying to learn Czech Adjectives you will find some useful resources including a course about Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes... to help you with your Czech grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Czech. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Czech Adjectives

Learning the Czech Adjectives displayed below is vital to the language. Czech Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. All nouns in Czech language are either masculine or feminine. You have to choose the proper form of the adjective depending on the word, that you are describing or talking about. The masculine form usually ends with the letter Y and the feminine form with the letter A.

Grammar Tips:

While in English an adjective doesn’t change when the noun changes, in Czech an adjective (the “mladý” type) should agree in gender and number with the noun. For example:

a)    Masculine to feminine example:

To je můj malý syn (this is my little son) becomes: To je moje malá dcera (this is my little daughter)

As you can see from the example above, the adjective (congrual adjunct) comes before the noun and also takes the feminine form.

b)    Singular to plural example:

To je moje bílá kočka (this is my white cat) becomes: To jsou mé bílé kočky (these are my white cats).

As you can see from the example above, the adjective (congrual adjunct) comes before the noun and also takes the plural form.

Affix of the “jarní” type adjective is not affected by gender or number. It also comes before the noun.

To je můj zimní kabát (this is my winter coat), To jsou mé zimní kabáty (these are my winter coats)


Here are some examples:

English AdjectivesCzech Adjectives
adjectivespřídavná jména
a green treezelený strom
a tall buildingvysoká budova
a very old manvelmi starý muž
the old red housestarý červený dům
a very nice friendvelice dobrý přítel

Notice the structure of the Adjectives in Czech.

List of Adjectives in Czech

Below is a list of the Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes in Czech placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Czech vocabulary.

English AdjectivesCzech Adjectives
colorsbarvy
blackčerný
bluemodrý
brownhnědý
grayšedý
greenzelený
orangeoranžový
purplepurpurový
redčervený
whitebílý
yellowžlutý
sizesvelikosti
bigvelký
deephluboký
longdlouhý
narrowúzký
shortkrátký
smallmalý
tallvysoký
thicktlustý
thintenký
wideširoký
shapestvary
circularkruhový
straightrovný
squarečtvercový
triangulartrojúhelníkový
tasteschutě
bitterhořký
freshčerstvý
saltyslaný
sourkyselý
spicypikantní
sweetsladký
qualitiesvlastnosti
badšpatný
cleančistý
darktmavý
difficultobtížný
dirtyšpinavý
drysuchý
easysnadný
emptyprázdný
expensivedrahý
fastrychlý
foreignzahraniční
fullplný
gooddobrý
hardtvrdý
heavytěžký
inexpensivelevný
lightsvětlý
localmístní
newnový
noisyhlučný
oldstarý
powerfulmocný
quietklidný
correctsprávný
slowpomalý
softměkký
veryvelmi
weakslabý
wetmokrý
wrongšpatný
youngmladý
quantitiesmnožství
fewněkolik
littlemálo
manymnoho
muchhodně
partčást
someněkteří
a fewněkolik
wholecelý

Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes have a very important role in Czech. Once you're done with Czech Adjectives, you might want to check the rest of our Czech lessons here: Learn Czech. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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