Chinese Prepositions

If you're trying to learn Chinese Prepositions which is also called Mandarin, check our courses about time and place prepositions and and demonstrative pronouns... to help you with your Chinese grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Chinese. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Chinese Prepositions

Learning the Chinese Prepositions displayed below is vital to the language. Chinese prepositions link nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The word or phrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition. Here are some examples:

English PrepositionsChinese Prepositions
Prepositionsjiè cí  - 介词
inside the housewū nèi  - 屋内
outside the carchē wài  - 车外
with mehé wǒ  yī qǐ  - 和我一起
without himméi yǒu tā;tuó  - 没有他
under the tablezhuō zi de;dì;dí  xià mian;xià miàn  - 桌子的下面
after tomorrowmíng tiān hòu  - 明天后
before sunsetrì luò  zhī qián  - 日落之前
but I'm busydàn wǒ hěn máng  - 但我很忙

Notice the structure of the Prepositions in Chinese.

List of Prepositions in Chinese

Below is a list of the Time place and demonstrative pronouns in Chinese placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Chinese vocabulary.

English PrepositionsChinese Prepositions
aboutguān yú  - 关于
aboveyǐ shàng  - 以上
acrosshéng guò, yuè guò  - 横过,越过
afterhòu  -
againstduì zhe, fǎn duì  - 对着,反对
amongqí zhōng  - 其中
aroundzuǒ yòu  - 左右
asrú  -
atzài  -
beforeqián  -
behindbèi hòu  - 背后
belowxià mian;xià miàn  - 下面
beneathxià mian;xià miàn  - 下面
besidepáng  -
betweenzhī jiān  - 之间
beyondyǐ wài  - 以外
butchú le  - 除了
byyóu  -
despitejǐn guǎn  - 尽管
downxiàng xià  - 向下
duringzài… qī jiān  - 在…期间
exceptchú le  - 除了
forwèi le  - 为了
fromcóng;zòng;cōng…qǐ  - 从…起
inzài…lǐ,zài…zhōng  - 在…里,在…中
insidezài… lǐ miàn,zài… nèi bù  - 在…里面,在…内部
intojìn/rù/dào… lǐ miàn  - 进/入/到…里面
nearzài… fù jìn  - 在…附近
nextzài... gé bì, kào jìn...  - 在...隔壁, 靠近...
ofde;dì;dí  -
onguān yú  - 关于
oppositexiāng fǎn  - 相反
outchū  -
outsidewài  -
overyǐ shàng  - 以上
perměi  -
plusjiā  -
roundwéi rào, huán rào  - 围绕,环绕
sincezì  -
thanbǐ  -
throughtōng guò  - 通过
tillzhí dào  - 直到
tozhì  -
towardxiàng, cháo;zhāo  - 向, 朝
underxià  -
unlikebù xiàng  - 不像
untilzhí dào  - 直到
upcháo;zhāo…shàng,xiàng…shàng  - 朝…上,向…上
viatōng guò  - 通过
withhé… zài yī qǐ  - 和…在一起
withinzài...nèi, zài... lǐ miàn  - 在...内, 在...里面
withoutwú  -
two wordsliǎng gè cí  - 两个词
according togēn jù  - 根据
because ofyóu yú  - 由于
close tokào jìn, jiē jìn  - 靠近,接近
due toyóu yú  - 由于
except forchú le  - 除了
far fromyuǎn lí  - 远离
inside ofzài...zhī nèi  - 在...之内
instead ofér bù shì  - 而不是
near tokào jìn  - 靠近
next topáng biān  - 旁边
outside ofzài... wài miàn  - 在...外面
prior tozài… zhī qián  - 在…之前
three wordssān gè cí  - 三个词
as far asyuǎn dào; zhí dào;dào... wéi zhǐ  - 远到;直到;到...为止
as well asyǐ jí  - 以及
in addition tochú le  - 除了
in front ofmiàn qián  - 面前
in spite ofjǐn guǎn  - 尽管
on behalf ofdài biǎo  - 代表
on top ofshàng mian;shàng miàn  - 上面
demonstrative pronounszhǐ shì dài cí  - 指示代词
thiszhè  -
thatgāi  -
thesezhè xiē  - 这些
thosenà xiē  - 那些

Time place and demonstrative pronouns have a very important role in Chinese. Once you're done with the Mandarin Prepositions, you might want to check the rest of our Chinese lessons here: Learn Chinese. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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