Chinese Plural

Chinese Plural

If you're trying to learn Chinese Plural which is also called Mandarin, check our courses about Plural and Singular... to help you with your Chinese grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Chinese. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Chinese Plural

Learning the Chinese Plural is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you practice the subject, the closer you get to mastering the Chinese language. But first we need to know what the role of Plural is in the structure of the grammar in Chinese.

Chinese Plurals are grammatical numbers, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers.

Except for people there is no plural in Chinese, the character men is used for plural, but only for people. Just put 们 men behind a noun denoting people and you have the plural see pronouns! 老师们 lǎo shī men teachers. Here are some examples:

English PluralChinese Plural
Pluralfù shù  - 复数
my bookwǒ de shū  - 我的书
my bookswǒ de shū  - 我的书
our daughterwǒ men de  nǚ ér  - 我们的女儿
our daughterswǒ men de  nǚ ér  - 我们的女儿
I'm coldwǒ  jué de lěng  - 我觉得冷
we're coldwǒ men  jué de lěng  - 我们觉得冷
his chickenstā de jī  - 他的鸡
their chickentā men de jī  - 他们的鸡

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Plural in Chinese has a logical pattern. Locate the Plural above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Mandarin.

Grammar Tips:

While in English, the plural is formed by adding (s) to the singular. In Mandarin, most of the time there is no different plural form,  To indicate plural you usually add number or quanity words:  for example, MA=horse,  yi ge MA (one horse), liang ge MA (two horses), nei xie MA (those horses). hen duo MA (many horses),  The word MA (horse) does not change.  There is a character which is added to personal pronouns or words concerning people which indicates plural; it is  MENWo = I or me, wo MEN= we or us, ta = he, she, him, her or it, ta MEN = they or them.  (It must be remembered from the beginning that Chinese and English are from different families of languages, unlike Spanish and English.  In Chinese there is much less complicated grammar, and some of the grammar does not have English equivalents


List of Plurals in Chinese

Below is a list of the Plurals and Singulars in Chinese placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Chinese vocabulary.

English PluralChinese Plural
alligatorduǎn wěn è  - 短吻鳄
alligatorsduǎn wěn è  - 短吻鳄
bearxióng  -
bearsxióng  -
birdniǎo  -
birdsniǎo  -
bullgōng niú  - 公牛
bullsgōng niú  - 公牛
catmāo  -
catsmāo  -
cownǎi niú  - 奶牛
cowsnǎi niú  - 奶牛
deerlù  - 鹿
many deerhěn duō lù  - 很多鹿
doggǒu  -
dogsgǒu  -
donkeylǚ  -
donkeyslǚ  -
eagleyīng  -
eaglesyīng  -
elephantdà xiàng  - 大象
elephantsdà xiàng  - 大象
giraffecháng gěng lù  - 长颈鹿
giraffescháng gěng lù  - 长颈鹿
goatshān yáng  - 山羊
goatsshān yáng  - 山羊
horsemǎ  -
horsesmǎ  -
lionshī zi  - 狮子
lionsshī zi  - 狮子
monkeyhóu zi  - 猴子
monkeyshóu zi  - 猴子
mouselǎo shǔ  - 老鼠
micelǎo shǔ  - 老鼠
rabbittù  -
rabbitstù  -
snakeshé  -
snakesshé  -
tigerlǎo hǔ  - 老虎
tigerslǎo hǔ  - 老虎
wolfláng  -
wolvesláng  -

Plural and Singular have a very important role in Chinese, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with the Mandarin Plural, you might want to check the rest of our Chinese lessons here: Learn Chinese. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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