Chinese Negation

If you're trying to learn Chinese Negation which is also called Mandarin, check our courses about Negation and negative expressions... to help you with your Chinese grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Chinese. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Chinese Negation

Learning the Chinese Negation displayed below is vital to the language. Chinese negation is the process that turns an affirmative statement (I am happy) into its opposite denial (I am not happy).

In Chinese there are 不 bù and 没有 méi yǒu are the negations. 不 bù is used to negate verbs, wo bu qu 我不去 wǒ bù qù , I won’t go, 没有 méi yǒu to negate nouns 我没有房子 wǒ méi yǒu fáng zi I don’t hav a house. Here are some examples:

English NegationChinese Negation
Negationfǒu dìng cí  - 否定词
he is not heretā;tuó  bù zài  zhè lǐ  - 他不在这里
that is not my booknà;nèi  bú shì  wǒ de shū  - 那不是我的书
do not enterbù kě yǐ  jìn qù  - 不可以进去

Notice the structure of the Negation in Chinese has a logical pattern. Locate the Negation above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Mandarin.

Grammar Tips:

In Mandarin, negation can be made simply by placing "No" , or a negative before the main verb.  There are a number of negatives in Mandarin, but the most common one is bu.  An example;  wo yao (I want), wo bu yao (I don’t want)  But as stated above there are a number of negatives in Mandarin and they can have different uses.


List of Negation in Chinese

Below is a list of the Negation and negative expressions in Chinese placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Chinese vocabulary.

English NegationChinese Negation
I don't speakwǒ bù shuō;shuì  - 我不说
I don't writewǒ bù xiě  - 我不写
I don't drivewǒ bù  kāi chē  - 我不开车
I don't lovewǒ  bù xǐ huān  - 我不喜欢
I don't givewǒ bù gěi  - 我不给
I don't smilewǒ bù xiào  - 我不笑
I don't takewǒ bù ná  - 我不拿
he doesn't speaktā;tuó bù shuō;shuì  - 他不说
he doesn't writetā;tuó bù xiě  - 他不写
he doesn't drivetā;tuó bù  kāi chē  - 他不开车
he doesn't lovetā;tuó  bù xǐ huān  - 他不喜欢
he doesn't givetā;tuó bù gěi  - 他不给
he doesn't smiletā;tuó bù xiào  - 他不笑
he doesn't taketā;tuó bù ná  - 他不拿
we don't speakwǒ men bù shuō;shuì  - 我们不说
we don't writewǒ men bù xiě  - 我们不写
we don't drivewǒ men bù  kāi chē  - 我们不开车
we don't lovewǒ men  bù xǐ huān  - 我们不喜欢
we don't givewǒ men bù gěi  - 我们不给
we don't smilewǒ men bù xiào  - 我们不笑
we don't takewǒ men bù ná  - 我们不拿

Negation and negative expressions have a very important role in Chinese. Once you're done with the Mandarin Negation, you might want to check the rest of our Chinese lessons here: Learn Chinese. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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