If you're trying to learn the most essential topics about Chinese which is also called Mandarin, check our courses about adjectives, adverbs, articles, gender (feminine, masculine...), negation, nouns, numbers, phrases, plural, prepositions, pronouns, questions, verbs, vocabulary, excercises... to help you with your Chinese grammar Enjoy our courses!
Learning Chinese can help you communicate with other people who speak Chinese. The following courses will provide you with some help based on the lessons you choose. Here is a list of what we offer:
1- Plural Lesson
While in English, the plural is formed by adding (s) to the singular. In Mandarin, to form the plural of nouns and adjectives we don’t add (-s) to words ending in a vowel and (-es) to words ending in a consonant. We use context to express plural meaning, but there are still some words could add to the end of words to express plural. Here are some examples:
一个朋友 (a friend) becomes: 朋友们 (some friends); “一”个means “a” and “朋友-们” means “friend-s”.
Example: (Mandarin) 他是我的一个朋友。（English）He is a friend of mine.
(Mandarin) 那些人是我的朋友们。(English) Those people are my friends.
一个人(one person) becomes: 很多人 or 人们 (many persons); in this case, if you used “很多” then you can’t use “们” at the same time.
Example: 很多人留在了广场上。Many people stayed in Plaza.
这是我的红色汽车(this is my red car) becomes: 这些是我的红色汽车 (these are my red cars)
In this case, we don’t add anything to nouns and verb, we just add “些” after “这”.
一台电脑（a set of computer）becomes: 几台电脑（some sets of computer）
“几台” means “some sets of”, the same examples as 几滴水/ some drops of water
一个女孩（a girl）becomes:八个女孩（eight girls）
If you need to count something, you just need to add the number before the noun and don’t have to add anything after noun. And at the same time, if you can’t count and can’t have a clearly number, you just need to add “们” after “女孩” to become “女孩们”.
2- Adverbs Lesson
While in English adverbs are usually formed by adding (-ly) to adjectives. In Mandarin many adverbs are very complicated; you have to identify it from context. Examples:
Example 1, use “地”
缓慢的动作 (slow action) becomes 缓慢地行走 (walk slowly)
But if you said “行动迟缓” (means move slowly), you can’s see “地” in this phrase the word “迟缓” is still a adverb which describe the verb “行动”.
If a word in Mandarin phrase which can describe the verb, and answer the question “ in which point? about which point? in which aspect? “then it is an adv.
Example 2, use “然”
茫然 means vaguely
孑然 means alone
漠然 means coldly
欣然 means glad or gladly
霍然 means suddenly
Example 3, use “上”
智力上 means mentally
法律上 means legally
In Mandarin, maybe one word, no change in its expression, can still be different in grammar use.
For example: 天
青天-green or azure sky: noun
天资-natural gift: adj.
天堂-heavenly palace: adj.
天灾-natural calamities: adj.
女子失其所天-a woman loses what she depends: verb
Based on this characteristic, don’t try to point out what word in Mandarin is an adverb, please identify it through context.
3- Adjectives Lesson
While in English an adjective doesn’t change when the noun changes, in Mandarin an adjective doesn’t change too. For example:
这是我的小儿子(this is my little son) becomes: 这是我的小女儿(this is my little daughter)
As you can see from the example above, you can just add “小” before son and daughter.
b) Singular to plural example:
这是我的白猫(this is my white cat) becomes: 这是我的几只白猫(these are my white cats).
As you can see from the example above, the adjective “白” before cat doesn’t change in singular and plural situation.
4- Numbers Lesson
We use Arabic numerals in Mandarin too. But we still have unique numeral system; please check the number 1-10 as below.
一 as 1 In bank application and Taiwan region, it should be 壹
二 as 2 貳
三 as 3 叁
四 as 4 肆
五 as 5 伍
六 as 6 陸
七 as 7 柒
八 as 8 捌
九 as 9 玖
十 as 10 拾
零 as 0 零
Then, we can combine the word to form a bigger number.
十一 as 11
十二 as 12
二十 as 20
二十一 as 21
一百 as 100 佰
二百 as 200
一千 as 1000 仟
一千一百 as 1100
一万 as 10000 萬
5- Articles Lesson
We don’t have articles in Mandarin.
6- Verbs Lessons
We don’t change the verb’s expression in any tense; we add some supporting words in a phrase or sentence to help people to understand the happening time.
- Present Tense
她正在洗衣服。/ She is washing her clothes.
“洗” is a verb means wash, we added “正在” means at this time to express “ is wash-ing”
她每天洗衣服。/She washes her clothes every day.
每天means everyday, but you can see the verb “洗” haven’t been changed.
她洗着衣服。/She is washing her clothes.
“洗着” also means “is washing”.
- Past Tense
我昨天买了一本书。/ I brought a book yesterday.
“昨天买” means “brought yesterday”
我买了一本书。/ I brought a book.
“了” is a good word to change the verb to be past tense, same example as 做了/done, 睡了/slept, 买了/brought.
我已经买了这本书。/ I have brought this book.
“已经~了” means have done
- Future Tense
事情将要发生。/ Things will happen.
“将要” means “will”, it’s a word to express future.
明天他要走了。/ He is going to leave tomorrow.
“要” means “is going to”
7- Asking a Question Lesson
In Mandarin there is two ways of asking a question to get a yes or no answer, and this is the following:
1. Ending as “吗”
你已经做完了吗？对，我做完了。/没，还没有。Have you finished it? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t.
你已经洗好衣服了吗？对，我洗好了。/还没洗好。Have you washed you clothes? Yes, I have. / No I haven’t.
你是玛丽吗？是，我是。/不，我不是。Are you Mary? Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.
那是丰田车吗？是的/ 不是。Is it a Toyota car? Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.
In above sentences, you can see it just added a “吗” after a normal declarative sentence to form a question.
2. Use the word “是否”
世界是否正面临另一场经济危机？是啊/不，不是。Is the world facing another economic crisis? Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.
8- Negation Lesson
In Mandarin, negation can be formed by putting a single “不” before the verb.
他能做到 (He is able to do it)-他不能做到（He isn’t able to do it）.
我喜欢这个 (I like it) – 我不喜欢这个。（I don’t like it.）
我是这个公司的职员。（I’m a employee of this company.）-我不是这个公司的职员。（I’m not a employee of this company）
9- Feminine Lesson
We don’t have feminine in Mandarin.
10- Pronouns Lesson
In English personal pronouns are (I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they), and (me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them), In Mandarin, the personal pronouns are:
We have to use a “把” or “将” or “使” to express object format, or just put the pronouns after verb
把我丢下 or 丢下我------- leave me
把他杀了 or 杀了他------- kill him
照看你----- look after you, can’t be 把你照看
把它吃了 or 吃了它---- eat it
把她放在地板上 or 放她在地板上----- put her on the floor
追赶他们----- to run to catch up them, can’t be 把他们追赶
超过你们 or 将你们超越----- to overtake you, can’t be 把你们超过
使我们灰心丧气----- to frustrate us, can’t be “将” or “把”
我的-------my or mine
你的-------your or yours
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