Chinese Adverbs

If you're trying to learn Chinese Adverbs which is also called Mandarin, check our courses about Adverbs of time place manner and frequency... to help you with your Chinese grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Chinese. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Chinese Adverbs

Learning the Chinese Adverbs displayed below is vital to the language. Chinese adverbs are part of speech. Generally they're words that modify any part of language other than a noun. Adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives (including numbers), clauses, sentences and other adverbs.

Adverbs also use de but then an other one placed behind the verb or yet an other de in an other construction. Lilke: 他流利地说英文 tā liú lì shuō de yīng wén or 他说英文说得很流利tā tā shuō yīng wén shuō de hěn liú lì. The first is before the noun, the latter after. Here are some examples:

English AdverbsChinese Adverbs
adverbsfù cí  - 副词
I read a book sometimeswǒ  ǒu ěr  kàn shū  - 我偶尔看书
I will never smokewǒ  cóng bù  chōu yān  - 我从不抽烟
are you alone?nǐ  yī gè rén ma?  - 你一个人吗?

Notice the structure of the Adverbs in Chinese has a logical pattern. Locate the Adverbs above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Mandarin.

Grammar Tips:

While in English adverbs are usually formed by adding (-ly) to adjectives. In Mandarin many adverbs are formed from adjectives, simply by adding the suffix  DE to adjectives.

Examples:

Man (slow) becomes man de (slowly)

Kuai (quick) becomes kuai de (quickly)

However that’s not always the case. Some words are adverbs by nature,  For example , xian zai  (now)


List of Adverbs in Chinese

Below is a list of the Adverbs of time place manner and frequency in Chinese placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Chinese vocabulary.

English AdverbsChinese Adverbs
adverbs of timeshí jiān  fù cí  - 时间副词
yesterdayzuó tiān  - 昨天
todayjīn tiān  - 今天
tomorrowmíng tiān  - 明天
nowxiàn zài  - 现在
thenrán hòu  - 然后
laterhòu lái  - 后来
tonightjīn wǎn  - 今晚
right nowmǎ shàng, lì jí  - 马上,立即
last nightzuó wǎn  - 昨晚
this morningjīn zǎo  - 今早
next weekxià zhōu  - 下周
alreadyyǐ jīng  - 已经
recentlyzuì jìn  - 最近
latelyjìn lái  - 近来
soonbù jiǔ  - 不久
immediatelylì jí  - 立即
stillréng  -
yethái;huán, réng rán,shàng  - 还, 仍然,尚
agoyǐ qián  - 以前
adverbs of placedì diǎn  fù cí  - 地点副词
herezhè lǐ  - 这里
therenà lǐ  - 那里
over therezài nà biān  - 在那边
everywheredào chù  - 到处
anywhererèn hé de fāng  - 任何地方
nowherewú chù  - 无处
homezài jiā, huí jiā  - 在家,回家
awaylí kāi, zǒu kāi  - 离开,走开
outchū wài, zài wài, xiàng wài, lí qù  - 出外, 在外,向外,离去
adverbs of mannerfāng shì  fù cí  - 方式副词
veryhěn, fēi cháng  - 很,非常
quitexiāng dāng  - 相当
prettyxiāng dāng,pō  - 相当,颇
reallyzhēn zhèng de, què shí de  - 真正地, 确实地
fastkuài sù de, xùn sù de  - 快速地, 迅速地
wellhǎo;hào  -
hardnǔ lì dì;de  - 努力地
quicklyhěn kuài  - 很快
slowlymàn màn de  - 慢慢地
carefullyxiǎo xīn dì, rèn zhēn de  - 小心地,认真地
hardlyjī hū bù  - 几乎不
barelyjī hū bù  - 几乎不
mostlydà bù fēn, zhǔ yào de  - 大部分, 主要地
almostjī hū  - 几乎
absolutelyjué duì  - 绝对
togetheryī qǐ  - 一起
alonedān;chán  -
adverbs of frequencypín dù  fù cí  - 频度副词
alwayszǒng shì  - 总是
frequentlycháng cháng, pín fán de, jīng cháng de  - 常常,频繁地,经常地
usuallytōng cháng, píng cháng  - 通常,平常
sometimesyǒu shí  - 有时
occasionallyǒu ěr  - 偶尔
seldomhěn shǎo  - 很少
rarelyhěn shǎo  - 很少
nevercóng bù  - 从不

Adverbs of time place manner and frequency have a very important role in Chinese. Once you're done with the Mandarin Adverbs, you might want to check the rest of our Chinese lessons here: Learn Chinese. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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