Chinese Adjectives

If you're trying to learn Chinese Adjectives which is also called Mandarin, check our courses about Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes... to help you with your Chinese grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Chinese. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Chinese Adjectives

Learning the Chinese Adjectives displayed below is vital to the language. Chinese Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence.

An adjective in Chinese is formed by adding the character for bulls eye "de" at the end of a noun, but it can also be placed after a whole sentence making the whole sentence as a adjective, Chinese use this structure to constructed a relative sentence. Like “The man whom I saw walking in the street was my father, would be translated in Chinese as:” 我看到在路上走路的人时我的爸爸” wǒ kàn dào zài lù shàng zǒu lù de rén shí wǒ de bà bà - I see on road walking-de man is my father. Here are some examples:

English AdjectivesChinese Adjectives
adjectivesxíng róng cí  - 形容词
a green treeyī kē  lǜ sè de shù  - 一棵绿色的树
a tall buildingyī zuò  gāo lóu  - 一座高楼
a very old manyī gè hěn  lǎo de rén  - 一个很老的人
the old red houselǎo hóng  fáng zi  - 老红房子
a very nice friendyī gè  fēi cháng hǎo de  péng yǒu  - 一个非常好的朋友

Notice the structure of the Adjectives in Chinese has a logical pattern. Locate the Adjectives above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Mandarin.

Grammar Tips:

While in English an adjective doesn’t change when the noun changes, in Mandarin the same applies.  Adjectives never change, regardless of what they modify


List of Adjectives in Chinese

Below is a list of the Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes in Chinese placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Chinese vocabulary.

English AdjectivesChinese Adjectives
colorsyán sè  - 颜色
blackhēi sè  - 黑色
bluelán sè  - 蓝色
brownzōng sè  - 棕色
grayhuī sè  - 灰色
greenlǜ sè  - 绿色
orangechéng sè  - 橙色
purplezǐ sè  - 紫色
redhóng sè  - 红色
whitebái sè  - 白色
yellowhuáng sè  - 黄色
sizeschǐ cùn  - 尺寸
bigdà  -
deepshēn  -
longcháng;zhǎng  -
narrowzhǎi  -
shortduǎn;duān  -
smallxiǎo  -
tallgāo  -
thickhòu  -
thinbò;báo;bó  -
widekuān  -
shapesxíng zhuàng  - 形状
circularyuán de, yuán xíng de  - 圆的,圆形的
straightzhí de, zhí xiàn de  - 直的,直线的
squarefāng xíng de  - 方形的
triangularsān jiǎo xíng de  - 三角形的
tasteswèi dào  - 味道
bitterkǔ  -
freshdàn  -
saltyxián;xiān  -
soursuān  -
spicylà  -
sweettián  -
qualitiesxìng zhì  - 性质
badhuài  -
cleangān jìng  - 干净
darkhēi àn  - 黑暗
difficultkùn nán;kùn nan  - 困难
dirtyāng zàng  - 肮脏
drygān;gàn;hàn  -
easyróng yì  - 容易
emptykōng de  - 空的
expensiveáng guì  - 昂贵
fastkuài  -
foreignguó wài  - 国外
fullmǎn  -
goodhǎo;hào  -
hardyìng  -
heavyzhòng;chóng  -
inexpensivepián yí de  - 便宜的
lightqīng  -
localdāng dì  - 当地
newxīn  -
noisycáo zá  - 嘈杂
oldlǎo  -
powerfulqiáng dà  - 强大
quietān jìng  - 安静
correctzhèng què  - 正确
slowhuǎn màn  - 缓慢
softruǎn  -
veryhěn  -
weakruò  -
wetcháo shī  - 潮湿
wrongcuò wù  - 错误
youngnián qīng  - 年轻
quantitiesshù liàng  - 数量
fewhěn shǎo  - 很少
littlehěn shǎo  - 很少
manyxǔ duō  - 许多
muchxǔ duō  - 许多
partbù fēn  - 部分
someyī xiē  - 一些
a fewjǐ gě  - 几个
wholezhěng gè  - 整个

Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes have a very important role in Chinese. Once you're done with the Mandarin Adjectives, you might want to check the rest of our Chinese lessons here: Learn Chinese. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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