Catalan Plural

Catalan Plural

If you're trying to learn Catalan Plural which is also called Català, check our courses about Plural and Singular... to help you with your Catalan grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Catalan. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Catalan Plural

Learning the Catalan Plural is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you practice the subject, the closer you get to mastering the Catalan language. But first we need to know what the role of Plural is in the structure of the grammar in Catalan.

Catalan Plurals are grammatical numbers, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers.

Grammar Tips:

In English, the plural is formed by adding (s) to the singular. In Catalan, even though plurals also end in (s), there are a few simple rules to follow:

 

In most cases, we form the plural by simply adding (-s) to the singular form.

E.g.: Un arbre (tree) becomes: Uns arbres (some trees).

Un amic (a friend) becomes: Uns amics (some friends).

Words ending in an unstressed –a in the singular form the plural by changing this –a into an –e and adding –s. Sometimes, this requires changing the orthography of the word (ç becomes c, c becomes qu, qu becomes qü, j becomes g, g becomes gu, etc.)

E.g.: Una amiga (a female friend) becomes: Unes amigues (some female friends).

Una balança (a scale) becomes: Unes balances.

Una llengua (a language) becomes: Unes llengües.

Most words ending in a stressed vowel form the plural by adding (-ns).

E.g.: Un be (a lamb) becomes: Uns bens (some lambs).

Un coixí (a pillow) becomes: Uns coixins (some pillows).

Finally, words ending in –s form the plural by adding -os or –sos. E.g.:

Un gos (a dog) becomes: Uns gossos (some dogs).

Un cas (a case) becomes: Uns casos (some cases).


Here are some examples:

English PluralCatalan Plural
PluralPlural
my bookel meu llibre
my booksels meus llibres
our daughterla nostra filla
our daughtersles nostres filles
I'm coldTinc fred
we're coldTenim fred
his chickensels seus pollastres
their chickenel seu pollastre

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Plural in Catalan has a logical pattern. Locate the Plural above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Català.

List of Plurals in Catalan

Below is a list of the Plurals and Singulars in Catalan placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Catalan vocabulary.

English PluralCatalan Plural
alligatorcaiman
alligatorscaimans
bearós
bearsóssos
birdocell
birdsocells
bullbou
bullsbous
catgat
catsgats
cowvaca
cowsvaques
deercérvol
many deermolts cérvols
doggos
dogsgossos
donkeyase
donkeysases
eagleàguila
eaglesàguiles
elephantelefant
elephantselefants
giraffegirafa
giraffesgirafes
goatcabra
goatscabres
horsecavall
horsescavalls
lionlleó
lionslleons
monkeymico
monkeysmicos
mouseratolí
miceratolins
rabbitconill
rabbitsconills
snakeserp
snakesserps
tigertigre
tigerstigres
wolfllop
wolvesllops

Plural and Singular have a very important role in Catalan, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with the Català Plural, you might want to check the rest of our Catalan lessons here: Learn Catalan. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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