Catalan Articles

If you're trying to learn Catalan Articles which is also called Català, check our courses about Definite and Indefinite Articles... to help you with your Catalan grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Catalan. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Catalan Articles

Learning the Catalan Articles displayed below is vital to the language. Catalan articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. Examples are "the, a, and an".

Grammar Tips:

Unlike English, which has only one definite article “the", Catalan has 4 definite articles:

El (masculine singular), el llibre (the book)

La (masculine singular) la casa (the house)

Els (masculine plural) els llibres (the books)

Les (feminine plural) les cases (the houses)

The singular articles, when preceeding a noun starting in a vowel or in -h, drop their vowels and become l’. E.g.:

Masculine: L’home (the man), l’ós (the bear).

Feminine: L’hora (the hour), l'ànima (the soul).

Also, unlike English, Catalan normally uses definite articles in front of people’s names. It can use the masculine article el (l’) and the feminine la (l’), but also en (n’) and na (n’), which are only used in front of people’s names and have exaclty the same meaning. E.g.:

El Jaume or en Jaume.

La Núria or na Núria.

L’Anna or n’Anna.

L’Enric or n’Enric.

 

Indefinite Article:

While we have (a / an / some) in English as indefinite articles, we also have un / una / uns/ uns in Catalan .

In general, whenever (a, an) are used in English you, you need to use (un) or (una) to say the equivalent in Catalan.

Un (masculine singular), un llibre (a book)

Una (masculine singular) una casa (a house)

Uns (masculine plural) uns llibres (some books)

Uns (feminine plural) unes cases (some houses)

Example: Els llibres que tinc són en una casa d’un amic (The books I have are in a house of a friend).

Possessive Determiners:

Meu (mine masc.), meva (mine fem.), meus (mine, plural masc.), meves (mine, plural fem.), teu / teva (yours), seu / seva (his, hers), nostre / nostra (ours), vostre / vostra (yours), seus / seves (theirs, masc. and fem.). In Catalan, when using posessives, we always need to keep in mind the owner and the object that is owned. E.g.:

La seva germana (His/her/their [masc. and fem.] sister)

El seu germà (His/her/their [masc. and fem.] brother)

Els seus germans (His/her/their [masc. and fem.] brothers)

Les seves germanes (His/her/their [masc. and fem.] sisters)


Here are some examples:

English ArticlesCatalan Articles
articlesarticles
theel/la/l'
aun/una
oneun/una
somealgú/alguns/alguna/algunes
fewpocs/poques
the bookel llibre
the booksels llibres
a bookun llibre
one bookun llibre
some booksalguns llibres
few bookspocs llibres

Notice the structure of the Articles in Catalan.

List of Articles in Catalan

Below is a list of vocabulary where you can use the Definite and Indefinite Articles in Catalan. Try to practice but also memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Catalan vocabulary.

English VocabularyCatalan Vocabulary
Foodmenjar
almondsametlles
breadpa
breakfastesmorzar
buttermantega
candycaramel
cheeseformatge
chickenpollastre
cumincomí
dessertpostres
dinnersopar
fishpeix
fruitfruites
ice creamgelat
lambxai
lemonllimona
lunchdinar
mealmenjar
meatcarn
ovenforn
pepperpebre
plantsplantes
porkcarn de porc
saladamanida
saltsal
sandwichentrepà
sausagesalsitxa
soupsopa
sugarsucre
suppersopar
turkeygall dindi
applepoma
bananaplàtan
orangestaronges
peachespréssecs
peanutcacauet
pearsperes
pineapplepinya
grapesraïms
strawberriesmaduixes
vegetableshortalisses
carrotpastanaga
cornblat de moro
cucumbercogombre
garlicall
lettuceenciam
olivesolives
onionscebes
pepperspebrots
potatoespatates
pumpkincarbassa
beansMongetes/fesols
tomatoestomàquets

Definite and Indefinite Articles have a very important role in Catalan. Once you're done with the Català Articles, you might want to check the rest of our Catalan lessons here: Learn Catalan. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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