Arabic Pronouns

Arabic Pronouns

If you're trying to learn Arabic Pronouns you will find some useful resources including a course about Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns... to help you with your Arabic grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Arabic. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Arabic Pronouns

Learning the Arabic Pronouns is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Arabic language. But first we need to know what the role of Pronouns is in the structure of the grammar in Arabic.

Arabic pronouns include personal pronouns (refer to the persons speaking, the persons spoken to, or the persons or things spoken about), indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns (connect parts of sentences) and reciprocal or reflexive pronouns (in which the object of a verb is being acted on by verb's subject).

The pronouns in Arabic are the most elaborated, since they have a masculine and feminine variant for the second person singular and plural, Also they have a dual variant denoting two persons. Here are some examples:

English PronounsArabic Pronouns
Pronounsالْضَّمَائِر - althamaa'er
Iأَنَا - aanaa
youأَنْت - aant
heهُو - how
sheهِي - heee
weنَحْن - nahn
theyهُم - hom
meأَنَا - aanaa
youأَنْت - aant
himلَه - lah
herلَهَا - lahaa
usلَنَا - lanaa
themمِنْهُم - menhom
myلِي - leee
yourلَكُم - lakom
hisلَه - lah
herلَهَا - lahaa
ourلَنَا - lanaa
theirمِن - men
mineمَنْجَم - manjam
yoursلَك - lak
hisلَه - lah
hersخَاصَتَهَا - khaasatahaa
oursلَنَا - lanaa
theirsلَهُم - lahom

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Pronouns in Arabic has a logical pattern. Locate the Pronouns above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Arabic. In Arabic the possessive is written attached and behind the noun possessed. It is used both for the possessive and accusative only the first person differs yi for a noun and ni for a verb (accusative)هو ضربني بكتابي Huwa yaddrabuni bi kitabi, he hits me with my book.

List of Pronouns in Arabic

Below is a list of the Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns in Arabic placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Arabic vocabulary.

English PronounsArabic Pronouns
I speakأَنَا أَتَكَلَّم - aanaa aatakalam
you speakانْت تَتَكَلَّم - ant tatakalam
he speaksهُو يَتَكَلَّم - how eeatakalam
she speaksهِى تَتَكَلَّم - hea tatakalam
we speakنَحْن نَتَكَلَّم - nahn natakalam
they speakهُم يَتَكَلَّمُوْن - hom eeatakalamown
give meأَعْطِنِي - aa'teneee
give youأُعْطِيَك - ao'teeeak
give himاعْطِيَه - a'teeeah
give herاعْطِيَهَا - a'teeeahaa
give usاعْطَيْنَا - a'taeenaa
give themاعْطِيْهُم - a'teeehom
my bookكِتَابِي - ketaabeee
your bookكِتَابِك - ketaabek
his bookكِتَابَه - ketaabah
her bookكِتَابِهَا - ketaabehaa
our bookكِتَابُنَا - ketaabonaa
their bookكِتَابَهُم - ketaabahom

Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns have a very important role in Arabic, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with Arabic Pronouns, you might want to check the rest of our Arabic lessons here: Learn Arabic. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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