Arabic Verbs Form

If you're trying to learn Arabic verbs form and concept then you will find some useful resources including a course about derived patrticiples, and the passive and active form... to help you with your Arabic grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Arabic. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Arabic Verbs Form

Learning the Arabic Verbs Form is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The table below shows all possible forms an Arabic verb can have. It is a so called Arabic verb-paradigm. By changing the root the meaning of a verb is extended, for example form II a intransitive verb I transitive. The table below shows all the possible forms a verb might take, examine it carefully:

 

verbs

 

 

 

derived patrticiples

 

 

active

 

passive

 

active

passive

masddar

 

imperfect

perfect

imperfect

perfect

 

 

 

I

Fa3aLa

yaF3aLu

Fu3iLa

yuF3aLu

Fa`3ieLun

maF3uuLun

to many

 

فــَعَلَ

يَفـْعَلُ

فــَعَلَ

يَفـْعَلُ

فـَائِلٌ

مَفْعُولٌ

 

II

Fa33aLa

yuFa33iLu

Fu33iLa

yuFa33aLu

muFa33iLun

muFa33aLun

Fa3ieLun

 

فـَعَّلَ

يُفــْعِّلُ

فـَعَّلَ

يُفــْعِّلُ

مُفَعِّلٌ

مُفَعَّلٌ

فـَعِيلٌ

III

Faa3aLa

yuFaa3iLu

Fuu3iLa

yuFaa3aLu

muFaa3iLun

muFaa3aLun

Fi3aaLun

 

فـَاعَلَ

يُفـَاعِلُ

فـَاعَلَ

يُفـَاعِلُ

مُفـَاعِلٌ

مُفـَاعَلٌ

 

IV

`aF3aLa

yuF3iLu

`uF3iLa

yuF3aLu

muF3iLun

muF3aLun

`iF3aaLun

 

أَفـْعَلَ

يُفـْعِلُ

أَفـْعَلَ

يُفـْعِلُ

مُفـّعَلٌ

مُفـّعِلٌ

اِفـْعَالٌ

V

taFa33aLa

yataFa33aLa

tuFa33iLa

yutaFa33aLa

muttaFa33iLun

muttaFa33aLun

taFa33uLun

 

تَفـَعَّلَ

يَتَبَعَّلُ

تَفـَعَّلَ

يَتَبَعَّلُ

مُتَفـَعِّلٌ

مُتَفـَعَّلٌ

تَفـَعُّلٌ

VI

taFaa3aLa

yataFaa3aLu

tuFaa3iLa

yutaFaa3aLu

muttaFaa3iLun

muttaFaa3aLun

taFaa3uLun

 

تَفـَاعَّلَ

يَتَفـَاعَّلُ

تَفـَاعَّلَ

يَتَفـَاعَّلُ

مُتَفـّاعِّلٌ

مُتَفـّاعَّلٌ

تَفـَاعُلٌ

VII

inFa3aLa

yanFa3iLu

n/a

n/a

munFa3iLun

n/a

`inFi3aaLun

 

إِنْفـَعَلَ

يَنْفـَعِلُ

n/a

n/a

مُنْفـَعِلٌ

n/a

إِنْفـِعَالٌ

VIII

iFta3aLa

yaFta3iLu

uFta3iLa

yuFta3iLu

muFta3iLun

muFta3aLun

`iFti3aaLun

 

إِفـْتَعَلَ

يَفـْتَعَلُ

إِفـْتَعَلَ

يَفـْتَعَلُ

مُفـْتَعِلٌ

مُفـْتَعَلٌ

إِفـْتِـِعَالٌ

IX

iF3aLla

yaF3aLlu

n/a

n/a

muF3aLlun

n/a

`iF3iLalun

 

إِفـْعَلَّ

يَفـْعَلُّ

n/a

n/a

مُفـْعَلٌّ

n/a

إِفـْعَلالٌ

X

istaF3aLa

yastaF3iLu

ustuF3iLa

yustaF3aLu

mustaF3iLun

mustaF3aLun

`istiF3aaLun

 

إِسْتَفـَلَ

يَسْتَفـْعَلُ

إِسْتَفـَلَ

يَسْتَفـْعَلُ

مُسْتَفْعِلٌ

مُسْتَفْعَلٌ

إِسْتِفـَعَالٌ

XII

iF3aw3aLa

yaF3aw3iLu

uF3uu3iLa

yuF3aw3aLu

muF3aw3iLun

muF3aw3aLun

`iF3i3aaLun

 

إِفـْعَوعَلَ

يُفـعَوْعَلُ

إِفـْعَوعَلَ

يُفـعَوْعَلُ

مُفـْعَوْعَلٌ

مُفـْعَوْعَلٌ

إِفـْعِعَالٌ

 

The table above shows all possible forms a Arabic verb can have. It is a so called Arabic verb-paradigm.  By changing the root the meaning of a verb is extended, for example form II a intransitive verb I transitive, for example KaRaMa mean to  e noble (it is intransitive since it doesn’t carry over on a object like the verb DDaRaBa to hit someone,  Intransitive verbs usually denote a state or condition.) in its second form is

Kabbara which means to make (someone) noble i.e. to honor. Form V makes a verb of form I reflexive, as in 3aLaMa ta3aLlaMa meaning to let oneself know, i.e. to study.

 

The paradigm shows the active perfect and imperfect and the passive perfect and imperfect forms. When the passive is used in Arabic, the actor must not be mentioned. So the letter was written can be translated in the Arabic passive, but the letter was written by the man can not, since it mentions the actor!

Note the passive is made by changing the vocalization KaTaBa he wrotes / has written KuTiBa he is /has been written. This makes Arabic particularly difficult to read, since the vowels are not written. Verbs therefore can be read actively or passively.

There where the right interpretation is important, sometimes only the first passive vowel is written.

The verb Fa3aLa (he did or has done) is used as standard verb. Forms VII and 9 IX in them selves are already passive forms, hence they have no passive forms.

Verb model in the passive and active form have a very important role in Arabic. Once you're done with Arabic Verbs Form, you might want to check the rest of our Arabic lessons here: Learn Arabic. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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